ARPANET was the system that became the foundation for the Internet. Based on a theory first published in 1967, ARPANET was designed under the management of the U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). In 1969, the thought became a small reality with the interconnection of four college computers. The first purpose was to communicate with and share computer resources among mainly scientific users in the connected institutions.
ARPANET took advantage of this new idea of sending information in small units called packets that may be routed on different paths and rebuilt at their destination. The growth of the TCP/IP protocols in the 1970s made it feasible to expand the size of the community. Which now had become a network of networks, in an organized manner.
In the 1980s, ARPANET was handed over to another new military network, The Defense Data Network, and NSFNet, a network of academic and scientific computers funded by the National Science Foundation. In 1995, NSFNet subsequently began a phased withdrawal to reverse the backbone of the Web (known as vBNS) over to a consortium of commercial backbone providers (PSINet, UUNET, ANS/AOL, Sprint, MCI, and AGIS-Net99).
It was 40 years ago today, September 2, 1969 that scientists joined two computers at UCLA with a 15-foot cable and the machines could communicate with one another. The evaluation data was meaningless, but the breakthrough finally resulted in the formation of the World Wide Web. But there were lots of different milestones.
What year was the internet born
What year was the internet born? Here we have history of Internet in which year was the internet born and when communication started and when was the first email was sent.
- September 2, 1969: First time two computers communicated with each other.
- Oct 29, 1969: Message sent from computer to computer in different locations.
- 1971: The first email was sent.
- Jan 1, 1983: ARPANET adopted the standard TCP/IP protocol.
- March 1989: Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web.
- April 22, 1993: Mosaic became the first web browser.
Since ARPA‘s name has been changed to Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency In 1971. ARPANET is sometimes known as DARPANET.
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